Bulgaria

MACPI Toolkit was pilot tested in two Bulgarian public organizations. Border Police is a part of the Bulgarian Ministry of Interior and consist of more than 6000 employees responsible for activities related to border control. Slatina Municipality is a subdivision of the much larger Sofia Municipality. Slatina is a region in Sofia and has its local municipality, mayor and 65 employees. The two institutions were selected as two very different examples of public organizations – both in size and in activity type.

 

Ministry of Interior, General Directorate Border policeMinistry of Interior, General Directorate Border police

The Border police study was a very informative pilot test, because of the very transparent and open discussion of corruption risks and the strong will of the management to reduce them. This public organization has a rather well-developed anti-corruption policy setup for a Bulgarian organization and provides an opportunity for the Monac tool to test at the same time the strengths and the possible vulnerabilities in a strong anti-corruption policy setup.

There are 8 main activities of the Bulgarian Border police, listed below:

  1. Human resources – Recruitment, Dismissal, Promotion
  2. Public procurement
  3. Preventive investigation - prevention of illegal migration, smuggling and trafficking
  4. Border security (guarding the county’s borders)- prevention of unauthorized passage of people, vehicles and immigrants
  5. Investigations carried out by investigating officers
  6. Information activities - Risk analysis and information campaigns
  7. Border checkpoints (checkpoint - 562 EU) - Processing of documents of legitimate persons and vehicles and preventing unauthorized passage of people and vehicles through checkpoints
  8. Administrative and punitive- Control and penalties for illegal immigrants; Traffic control near the airport, railway stations; issuing passes to employees of companies operating in the area of border crossing

The main anti-corruption policies in Border police include 4 specific anti-corruption policies focused on border control and 8 more general anti-corruption policies. Specific anti-corruption policies are listed below:

  1. Rotation: change of shift schedules and rotation of shifts at the Border Checkpoints
  2. Video surveillance: constant video surveillance of work places at the Border Checkpoint
  3. Interviews with passengers and illegal immigrants: interviews with passengers crossing the border and illegal immigrants detained on our territory, refugees, etc.
  4. Unannounced visits: unannounced visits (audits) by the heads of the structural units

 

Slatina Municipality
MACPI Toolkit was tested in Slatina Municipality in an attempt to evaluate its applicability to a type of public organization that is very different from Border Police, both in terms of size and in terms of structure and activities.

There are 10 main activities in Slatina Municipality, listed below:

  1. Human resources – Recruitment, Dismissal, Promotion
  2. Public procurement
  3. Administrative and Information Services
  4. Public order, security, disaster protection
  5. Legal and Regulatory Services; registration and control of commercial activities
  6. Management of the municipal property and housing
  7. Education, culture, social activities and sports
  8. Financial and Accounting Services
  9. Infrastructure Engineering, Urban Development and Ecology
  10. City planning, cadaster and regulation and control of construction

There are 5 policy tools in Slatina municipality which build upon the wider anti-corruption setup of Sofia Municipality:

  1. Internal rules for receiving and processing citizens’ signals for corruption in "Slatina" Municipality
  2. Internal public procurement rules
  3. Internal labour regulations
  4. Access control
  5. Instructions and rules for the organization of Information and Administrative Activities and the work with documents